Das tibetische Hochland – oft als ‚dritter Pol’ bezeichnet – trägt die Hauptlast des Klimawandels. Am 18. und 19. November kamen Parlamentarier aus 30 Ländern zum 5. Weltparlamentarierkongress zu Tibet in Rom zusammen und entwarfen eine Erklärung, um das Bewusstsein für diese bedeutende Frage zu stärken.
The following open letter was submitted to EURACTIV by the International Parliamentary Network on Tibet.
„Dear Conference participants:
We write to urge the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen to give serious attention to the ‚Third Pole‘, as Tibet is known for being the largest repository of glacially stored water outside of the Arctic and Antarctic. We believe that multinational policies to mitigate the causes of and adapt to the effects of climate change must consider the challenges of climate change in Tibet, and include the direct participation of Tibetan stakeholders, particularly nomads. This is now a global issue and of huge importance.
Environmental degradation on the Tibetan plateau is a result of climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions, the mismanagement of natural resources by Chinese governmental and commercial interests, and the settlement of Tibetan nomads into fixed communities which separates them from their traditional livelihood and stewardship of Tibetan grasslands.
Chinese policies to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change on the Tibetan plateau affect billions of people in Asia. The involvement and experience of Tibetans is integral to the successful implementation of climate change policies.
Governments are called to explore multinational mechanisms to work collaboratively on the challenges of climate change in Tibet, including with the direct participation of Tibetan stakeholders.
According to Chinese meteorologists, temperatures on the Tibetan plateau are rising twice as fast as the rest of the earth, and Tibet is an increasingly important barometer of global climate change. Glaciers are melting, exposing dark rock and soil, and increasing the absorption of solar radiation.
According to scientists, the Chinese government’s land-use policies are contributing to the acceleration of global warming and environmental destruction, including degradation of the grasslands, on the fragile high-altitude plateau. These land-use policies include the construction of infrastructure, an emphasis on urbanization despite a predominantly rural population, and the settlement of nomads, which is threatening one of the last examples of sustainable pastoralism on earth.
Because Tibet is the source of several of the world’s largest rivers and plays a prominent role in the Asian monsoon system, the consequences will affect the lives of millions of people downstream as well as those on the high plateau. In the long term, the disappearance of glaciers will create severe water shortages. Millions of people in Asia have a stake in the fate of Tibet’s glaciers and grasslands.
Tibet is central to a global climate change solution, and the Tibetan people must play a critical role in the implementation of solutions. In addition to providing river water and monsoon rains to much of Asia, Tibet’s grasslands, if properly repaired, can serve as a carbon sink. Therefore, we urge negotiators at the conference to consider initiatives and policies that take into account the following:
- Independent, international scientific assessments of the changes in the Tibetan plateau’s ecosystems, water resources and land use policies.
- Integrated participation of Tibetans, especially Tibetan nomads, in the decision-making and management of the plateau’s natural resources.
- Encourage trans-boundary collaborative decision-making and governance of the Tibetan plateau’s water resources, including all regional and local stakeholders.
Just as China is essential to successful implementation of global climate change solutions, Tibet is indispensable to China’s ability to implement them successfully. We urge negotiators to ensure that strategies to address climate change include stakeholders in Tibet, particularly nomads. This inclusion is essential to understanding, mitigating and adapting to changes in the Tibetan plateau’s water, forest, and grassland resources and ecosystems, critical to millions of people downstream and for the stability and security of Asia.“
On behalf of the International Parliamentary Network on Tibet:
- Matteo Mecacci, MP, President of the Parliamentary Intergroup on Tibet , Italy
- Consiglio Di Nino, Co-Chairman, Parliamentary Friends of Tibet, Canadian Senate
- Birgitta Jonsdottir, MP, President, The Parliamentary Intergroup on Tibet, Iceland
- Peter Slipper, MP, All-Party Parliamentary Group for Tibet, Australian House of Representatives
- Sanjoy Takem, MP, President, Parliamentary Intergroup on Tibet, India
- Thomas Mann, MEP, President, Tibet Intergroup, EP
- Penpa Tsering, MP, Chairman, Tibetan Parliament in-exile, India
- Dolma Gyari, MP, Vice-Chairman, Tibetan Government in-exile, India
- Lionnel Luca, MP, President, Study Group on Tibet, French National Assembly
- Patrick Bloche, MP Vice-President, Study Group on Tibet, French National Assembly
- Dominique Tian, MP, Vice-President, Study Group on Tibet, French National Assembly
- Mark Durkan, MP, UK
- Norman Baker, MP, UK
- Kent Olsson, MP, Chairman, The Swedish Parliamentary Group on Tibet
- Dalia Kuodyt?, MP, Chairman, the Lithuanian Parliamentary Group on Tibet
- Daniel Spagnou, MP, French National Assembly
- Harry Cohen, MP, UK
- Tim Loughton, MP, Shadow Minister for Children, UK
- Lord David Steel, MP, UK
- Isabelle Durant, MEP, Vice-President, EP
- Sukhdev Sharma, The European Economic and Social Committee
- Heidi Hautala, MEP, Vice- Chairman, Sub-Committee on Human Rights, EP
- Eva Lichtenberger, MEP
- Raul Romeva, MEP
- Juliette Boulet, MP, Belgium
- Xavier Baeselen, MP, Belgium
- Georges Dallemagne, MP, Belgium
- Mariko Peters, MP, The Netherlands
- Villy Sovndal, MP, Denmark
- Nathalie Griesbeck, MEP
- Aleksei Lotman, MP, Chairman,The Estonian Parliamentary Group on Tibet
- Beata Bublewicz, MP, Chairwoman, The Polish Parliamentary Group for Tibet
- Jolanta Szczypinska, MP, Poland
- Mike Pringle, MSP, Chairman,The Scottish Parliament’s Cross-Party Group on Tibet